What is a seizure?
Seizures are sudden surges or disturbances of electrical activity in the brain. There are more than 30 types of seizures that impact individuals in many different ways. All types of seizures are usually categorized as generalized (involving multiple areas of the brain), or focal (occurring in one specific place in the brain). Seizures may cause changes in behavior, physical movement, mood, or level of awareness. A person having a seizure may experience convulsive movements, or appear to stare off. A seizure may last a few seconds, or a few minutes.
What is epilepsy?
Epilepsy, also known as a seizure disorder, is a neurological disorder that causes a person to have recurring seizures. Epilepsy is considered a spectrum disorder as it may affect patients in varying ways and a person may have more than one type of seizure. Epilepsy is not a mental illness, and it is not contagious. Epilepsy can be diagnosed at any age. There are many causes of epilepsy, although many individuals may not know the cause. There is no cure for epilepsy, and it is often a lifelong diagnosis. In the United States, there are 3.4 million people diagnosed with epilepsy. Every year more than 50,000 people die from SUDEP or epilepsy-related causes.